固定搭配

  • 固定搭配:
    英语中的固定搭配主要是指英语中的习惯用法,如有固定用法的一些动词短语、介词短语、名词词组及形容词词组。
    例如:
    take part in (参加) 
    by accident (偶然地) 
    lucky dog (幸运儿)
    be interested in (对…感兴趣)
  • 初中英语常见固定搭配:
    (一)加-ing
    enjoy / like doing sth 喜欢做----    
    spend....(in) doing sth 在做---花费---  
    try doing 试着做------                
    be busy doing sth 忙于做------
    finish doing sth 完成做----           
    look forward to + doing sth 期待做----(现在进行时)
    be doing 正在做---     
    Thank you for (doing) sth 为了--感谢你

    (二)加-to
    decide to do sth 决定去做-----             
    ask (sb)to do 要求(某人)去做----      
    It’s+adj +to do sth . 做---(怎么样)        
    would like / want to do 想要做-----    
    It takes sb sometime to do sth在做----花费----

    (三)加原形
    let / make sb do sth 让某人做某事   
    be going to / will do sth (一般将来时态)

    (四)加-to 或-ing意思不同
    forget doing 忘记做过了-----(已做)    
    forget to do 忘记去做------(还没做)   
    remember doing记得做过了-----(已做)
    remember to do记得去做------(还没做)

    (五)加-to 或-ing意思相同
    begin / start to do sth = begin / start doing sth开始做------

    (六)
    A)动词+ 介词
    agree with同意....的意见(想法);符合    
    help ... with ...帮助(某人)做(某事)  listen to听...              
    ..get to到达....       
    fall off (从......)掉下base on以....(为)根据     
    knock at /on敲(门、窗)        
    laugh at嘲笑
    learn.. from 向...学习     
    live on继续存在;靠...生活 
    look after照顾,照看look at看;观看           
    look for寻找             
    look like看起来像
    pay for (sth.)付钱;支付 
    point at指示;指向          
    point to指向....prefer to ...宁愿(选择);更喜欢           
    quarrel with (和某人)吵架
    regard...as ...把....当作....;当作                 
    stop...from阻止.....做.....
    talk about说话;谈话;谈论                        
    talk with与......交谈think about考虑                                  
    think of认为;想起
    B)动词+ 副词                                                     
    ask for请求;询问       
    carry on坚持下去;继续下去     
    cut down砍倒 
    clean up清除;收拾干净  
    come down下来;落    
    come along来;随同
    come in进来            
    come on来吧;跟着来;赶快 
    come over过来;顺便来访           
    come out出来;出现;(花)开;发(芽)      
    drop off放下(某物);下车                              
    eat up吃光;吃完
    fall behind落在......后面;输给别人            
    fall down跌倒;从......落下
    find out查出(真相)                                
    get back回来;取回
    get down下来;落下;把......取下来             
    get off下来;从......下来get on上(车)               
    get up起床                
    give up放弃go on继续               
    go out出去     
    go over过一遍;仔细检查
    grow up长大;成长      
    hand in交上来                
    hurry up赶快
    hold on (口语)等一等;(打电话时)不挂断             
    look out留神;注意
    look over (仔细)检查                            
    look up向上看;抬头看  
    pass on传递;转移到....                          
    pick up拾起;捡起
    put away放好;把....收起来  
    put on穿上;戴上;(戏剧等)上演;放(唱片等
    put down把(某物)放下来                             
    put up挂起;举起
    run away流失;逃跑;逃走 
    rush out冲出去 
    set off出发;动身;
    启程send up发射;把......往上送  
    shut down把......关上      
    sit down坐下
    slow down减缓;减速      
    take off脱掉(衣服)          
    take out取出
    throw about乱丢;抛撒                          
    trip over (被......)绊倒
    try on试穿(衣服、鞋等);试戴(帽子等)                
    try out试验;尝试
    turn down关小;调低        
    turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气、自来水等
    turn off关(电灯、收音机、煤气、自来水等)           
    turn over (使)翻过来
    wake up醒来                               
    wear out把......穿旧;磨坏
    work out算出;制订出                               
    write down写下....
    C) be + 形容词+ 介词                                              
    be angry with对(某人)发脾气              
     be interested in对......感兴趣 
    be able to能;会                                   
     be afraid of害怕
    be amazed at对......感到惊讶            
    be excited about对......感到兴奋
    be filled with用......充满                            
    be full of充满......的
    be good at =do well in在....方面做得好;善于             
    be late for迟到
    be made in在......生产或制造            
    be made of由....组成;由....
    be pleased with对......感到满意              
    be proud of以......自豪/高兴
    be used for用于
    D)动词+ 名词/ 代词                                               
    beg one′s pardon请原谅;对不起         
    do morning exercises做早操
    do one′s homework做作业                                           
    enjoy oneself =have a good time过得快乐;玩得愉快                   
    give a concert开音乐会     
    go boating去划船      
    go fishing去钓鱼go hiking去徒步旅行     
    go skating去滑冰     
    go shopping (去)买东西
    have a cold (患)感冒    
    have a cough (患)咳嗽  
    have a headache (患)头痛  
    have a try尝试;努力    
    have a look看一看         
    have a rest休息 
    have a seat (= take a seat ) 就坐;坐下        
    have sports进行体育活动  
    have supper吃晚餐   
    hear of听说   
    hold a sports meeting举行运动会
    make a decision作出决定  
    make a mistake犯错误  
    make a noise吵闹
    make faces做鬼脸      
    make friends交朋友       
    make money赚钱
    take one′s place坐某人的座位;代替某人的职务                       
    teach oneself (=learn by oneself ) 自学                  
    watch TV看电视 
    take photos照相       
    take time花费(时间)         
    take turns轮流
    E)动词+ 名词/ 代词/ 副词+ 介词                                  
    catch up with赶上           
    come up with找到;提出(答案、解决办法等)
    get on well with与......相处融洽                   
    give birth to生(孩子) 
    help yourself / yourselves to自取;随便吃   
    make room for给.....腾出地方
    play a joke on戏弄人;对人恶作剧              
    speak highly of称赞   
    say good bye to告别;告辞               
    take an active part in积极参加
    take care of照顾;照料;注意
    F)其他类型                                                        
    be awake醒着的          
    be born出生         
    be busy doing忙着做
    come true实现     
    do one′s best尽最大努力     
    fall asleep睡觉;入睡  
    go home回家    
    go on doing (sth.)继续做某事;尽力   
    get married结婚
    get together相聚                  
    go straight along  沿着...一直往前走
    had better (do)最好(做...)                    
    keep doing sth.一直做某事        
    make sure确保;确认;查明               
    make up one′s mind下决心